Academic Publications

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2021/In press

Musket, C. W., Hansen, N. S., Welker, K. M., Gilbert, K. E., & Gruber, J. (2021). A pilot investigation of emotional regulation difficulties and mindfulness-based strategies in manic and remitted bipolar I disorder and major depressive disorder. International Journal of Bipolar Disorders, 9, 2. doi: 10.1186/s40345-020-00206-0. 

Prasad, S., Knight, E. L., Sarkar, A., Welker, K. M, Lassetter, B., & Mehta, P. M. (2021). Testosterone fluctuations in response to a democratic election predict partisan attitudes toward the elected leader. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 133, 105396. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2021.105396

Stanton, S. J., Welker, K. M., Bonin, P. L., Goldfarb, B., Carré, J. M. (2021). The effect of testosterone on economic risk-taking: A multi-study, multi-method investigation. Hormones and Behavior, 134, 105014. doi: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2021.105014

Sundin, Z. W., Chopik, W. J., Welker, K. M., Ascigil, E., Brandes, C. M., Chin, K., Ketay, S., et al. (2021). Estimating the Associations between Big Five Personality Traits, Testosterone, and Cortisol. Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology, 7, 307-340. doi: 10.1007/s40750-020-00159-9

Thorson, K. R., Ketay, S., Roy, A. R. K., & Welker, K. M. (2021). Self-disclosure is associated with adrenocortical attunement between new acquaintances, Psychoneuroendocrinology, 132, 105323. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2021.105323


Bhandari, S., Hallowell, M., Van Boven, L., Golparvar-Fard, M., Welker, K. M., & Gruber, J. (2020). Using augmented virtuality to examine how affect influences hazard identification performance, risk assessment, and safety decisions. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 146(2). doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001755

Ketay, S., Beck, L., & Welker, K. M. (2020). Self-expansion: Intergroup and sociocultural Factors. In B. Mattingly, K. McIntyre,

& G. Lewandowski (Eds.), Interpersonal Relationships and the Self-Concept. Springer.


Cook, T., Roy, A., & Welker, K. M. (2019). Music as an Emotion Regulation Strategy: An examination of genres of music and their roles in emotion regulation. Psychology of Music, 47(1), 144-154. doi: 10.1177/0305735617734627 (PDF)


Dutra, S. J., Reddan, M., Purcell, J. R., Devlin, H.C. & Welker, K. M. (2019). Indices and correlates of positive emotion in psychopathology: Methodological and design considerations. In Gruber, J. (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Positive Emotion and Psychopathology. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Geniole, S.N., Procyshyn, T., Marley, N., Ortiz, T.L., Bird, B.M., Marcellus, A.L., Welker, K.M., Bonin, P.L., Goldfarb, B., Watson N.V. & Carré, J.M. (2019). Using a psychopharmacogenetic approach to identify the pathways through which and people for whom testosterone promotes human aggression. Psychological Science, 30(4), 481-494. doi: 10.1177/0956797619826970

Ketay, S., Welker, K. M., Beck, L., Thorson, K., Slatcher, R. B. (2019). Social Anxiety, Cortisol, and Early-Stage Friendship. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships. doi: 10.1177/0265407518774915 (PDF)

Luo, Y., Welker, K. M., Way, B. M., DeWall., C. N., Bushman, B. J., Wildschut, T., & Sedikides, C. (2019). 5-HTTLPR polymorphism is associated with nostalgia proneness: The role of neuroticism. Social Neuroscience, 14, 183-190. doi: 10.1080/17470919.2017.1414717

Prasad, S., Lassetter, B., Welker, K. M., & Mehta, P. M. (2019). Unstable correspondence between salivary testosterone measured with enzyme immunoassays and tandem mass spectrometry. Psychoendocrinology, 109, 104373. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2019.104373 


Roy, A. R. K., Cook, T., Carré, J. C., & Welker, K. M. (2019). Dual-Hormone Regulation of Psychopathy: Evidence from Mass Spectrometry. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 99, 243-250. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2018.09.006 (PDF)

Welker, K. M., Roy, A. R. K., Geniole, S., Kitayama, S. & Carré, J. M. (2019). Taking risks for personal gain: An investigation of self-construal and testosterone responses to competition. Social Neuroscience. doi: 10.1080/17470919.2017.1407822 (PDF)


Bhandari, S., Hallowell, M. R., van Boven, L., Golparvar-Fard, M., Gruber, J., & Welker, K. M. (2018). Using augmented virtuality to understand the situational awareness model. Construction Research Congress 2018. (PDF)

Welker, K. M., & Slatcher, R. B. (2018). Looking at dyads: Actor-partner analysis in marriage research. In C. Weisfeld, G. Weisfeld, & L. Dillon (Eds.), Psychology of marriage: An evolutionary and cross-cultural view. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books. (PDF)


Ketay, S., Welker, K. M., & Slatcher, R. B. (2017). The roles of testosterone and cortisol in friendship formation. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 76, 88-96. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2016.11.022v (PDF)

Welker, K. M., Norman, R., Goetz, S. M. M., Kitayama, S., & Carré, J. M. (2017). Preliminary evidence that testosterone's association with aggressive behavior depends on self-construal. Hormones and Behavior, 92, 117-127. doi: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2016.10.014 (PDF) (Supplemental Materials)

Welker, K. M., Prasad, S., Srivastava, S., & Mehta, P. H. (2017). Basal cortisol’s relation to testosterone changes may not be driven by social challenges. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 85, 1-5.  doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2017.07.493 (PDF)



Bhandari, S., Hallowell, M., Van Boven, L., Gruber, J., & Welker, K. M. (2016). Emotional States and Their Impact on Hazard Identification Skills. Construction Research Congress 2016: pp. 2831-2840. doi: 10.1061/9780784479827.282

Bird, B. M., Cid, V., Geniole, S. N., Welker, K. M., Zilioli, S., Maestripieri, D., Arnocky, S., & Carré, J. M. (2016). Does the facial width-to-height ratio map onto variability in men’s testosterone concentrations? Evolution and Human Behavior, 37(5), 392-398.

doi: 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2016.03.004 (PDF)


du Pont, A. , Welker, K. M., Gilbert, K., & Gruber, J. (2016). The emerging field of positive emotion dysregulation. In K. D. Vohs & R. F. Baumeister (Eds.), Handbook of Self-Regulation: Research, Theory and Applications (3rd edition). New York, NY: Guilford Press.


Welker, K. M., Bird, B., & Arnocky, S. (2016). Commentary: Facial Width-To-Height Ratio (fWHR) Is Not Associated with Adolescent Testosterone Levels. Frontiers in Psychology 7: 1745doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01745 (LINK)


Welker, K. M., Lassetter, B., Brandes, C., Prasad, S., Koop, D., Mehta, P. H. (2016). A comparison of salivary testosterone measurement using immunoassays and tandem mass spectrometry. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 71, 180-188. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2016.05.022 (PDF)

Welker, K. M., Zilioli, S., Carré, J. M., & Mehta, P. (2016). Testosterone-Cortisol Interactions and Risk-Taking: A reply to Hayes et al. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 63, 381-382. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2015.05.012 (PDF)



Mazur, A., Welker, K. M., & Peng, B. (2015). Does the biosocial model explain the emergence of status differences in conversations among unacquainted men? PLoS ONE, 10(11): e0142941. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0142941 (LINK)


Mehta, P. H., van Son, V., Welker, K. M., Prasad, S., Sanfey, A. G., Smidts, A., & Roelofs, K. (2015). Exogenous Testosterone in Women Enhances and Inhibits Competitive Decision-Making Depending on Victory-Defeat Experience and Trait Dominance. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 60, 224-236. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2015.07.004 (PDF)


Mehta, P. H. Welker, K.M., Zilioli, S., & Carré, J.M. (2015). Testosterone and cortisol jointly modulate risk-taking. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 56, 88-99. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2015.02.023 (PDF)


Norman, R., Moreau, B., Welker, K. M., & Carré, J. M. (2015). Trait Anxiety Moderates the Relationship Between Testosterone Responses to Competition and Aggressive Behavior. Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology, 1(3), 312-324. doi: 10.1007/s40750-014-0016-y (PDF)


Welker, K. M., & Carré, J. M. (2015). Individual Differences in Testosterone Predict Persistence in Men. European Journal of Personality, 29, 83-89. doi: 10.1002/per.1958. (PDF)


Welker, K. M., Goetz, S. M. M., & Carré, J. M. (2015). Perceived and experimentally manipulated status moderate the relationship between facial structure and risk taking. Evolution and Human Behavior, 36(6), 423-429. doi: 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2015.03.006 (PDF)


Welker, K. M., Goetz, S. M. M., Galicia, S., Liphardt, J., & Carré, J. M. (2015). An Examination of the Associations Between Facial Structure, Aggressive Behavior, and Performance in the 2010 World Cup Association Football Players. Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology, 1, 17-29. doi: 10.1007/s40750-014-0003-3 (PDF)


Welker, K. M., Gruber, J., & Mehta, P. (2015). A positive affective neuroendocrinology (PANE) approach to reward and behavioral dysregulation. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 6(93), 1-10. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2015.00093 (PDF)




Carré, J. M., Iselin, A., Welker, K. M., Hariri, A. R., & Dodge, K. (2014). Testosterone reactivity to provocation mediates the effect of early intervention on aggressive behavior. Psychological Science, 25(5), 1140-1146. doi: 10.1177/0956797614525642 (PDF)


Dizazzo-Miller, R., Samuel. P. S., Barnas, J. M., & Welker, K. M. (2014). Addressing everyday challenges: A feasibility study on a family caregiver training program. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 68, 212-220 doi: 10.5014/ajot.2014.009829. 


Welker, K. M., Baker, L., Padilla, A., Holmes, H., Aron, A. P., & Slatcher, R. B. (2014). Effects of Self-Disclosure and Responsiveness Between Couples on Passionate Love Within Couples. Personal Relationships, 21(4), 692-708. doi: 10.1111/pere.12058 (PDF)


Welker, K. M., Lozoya, E., Campbell, J. A., Carré, J. M., & Neumann, C. (2014). Testosterone, Cortisol, and Psychopathic Traits in Men and Women. Physiology and Behavior, 129, 230-236. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2014.02.057  (PDF)


Welker, K. M., Slatcher, R., Baker, L., & Aron, A. P. (2014). Creating positive outgroup attitudes through intergroup couple friendships and implications for compassionate love. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 31(5), 706-725. doi: 10.1177/0265407514522369. (PDF)




Carré, J. M., Campbell, J. A., Lozoya, E., Goetz, S. M. M., & Welker, K. M. (2013). Changes in testosterone mediate the effect of winning on aggressive behavior. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 38(10), 2034-2041. doi: 016/j.psyneuen.2013.03.008  (PDF)


Welker, K. M., Oberleitner, D. E., Cain, S., & Carré, J. M. (2013). Upright and Left Out: Posture Moderates the Effects of Social Exclusion on Mood and Relational Needs. European Journal of Social Psychology, 43, 355-361. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.1944  (PDF)

Other Publications

Ropeik, D., Welker, Casto, K., Sapolsky, R., & Pinker, S. (2017). Who's in charge, Your mind or your brain? Psychology Today.

Op/Ed Published -- -- "Want to rekindle passion? Go on a double date."